Spearfishing: Everything You Need to Get Started

Spearfishing is a long-standing method of fishing, which is widely used around the globe. It’s one of the most popular and sustainable methods of acquiring delicious and fresh fish since it doesn’t require weapons or other risky equipments that can create polluting the water. The best part is that it can be a lot of enjoyment!

Before you start the diving or hunting for a large snapper or bass, ensure you have all the gear that you require for catching. It might be helpful to talk with other experts on recommended equipment to target a particular location because the equipment you may need in the Caribbean will not work in locations for spearfishing in New Zealand or San Diego.

However, to give you an overview this is the most basic tools and equipment you’ll require for a safe and enjoyable spearfishing experience.

Basic Spearfishing Gear

Flatlay of fish from spearfishing gear

Anyone who is a professional spearfisher or “spearo” would know that using the correct equipment for spearfishing is vital to ensure your safety and the success you desire. Below, you’ll find the best basic equipment for spearfishing you may have to purchase to begin your first venture into fishing, and the most popular brands and highly recommended to other spearos.

You should always purchase the top quality spearfishing equipment to be sure that you are safe and aren’t wasting money on any other crappy unnecessary equipment.

Fishing License

Spearfisher in emerald-green sea water

Although technically not part of the fishing equipment you own however, you might need to acquire a valid sportfishing license before hitting the water with your fishing equipment. In the majority of states, you’ll be punished for fishing with no license, and you can even be sentenced to prison time when you hunt (and killing) protected species.

As a rule, you’ll want to check with the local authorities, lifeguards fisherman supply and dive shops, as well as other seasoned spearos before you do anything.

Weapon of Choice

Lionfish Pole Spear

It’s time to consider your primary method of spearfishing: Hawaiian slings, pole spears, or a speargun. Hawaiian pole spears and slings both require you to be near to your fish. However, the difference is that the sling’s band will typically remain in your hand , while the pole spear is removed from your hand entirely when you make use of it to spear an animal. For spearguns, it differs based on type of construction. Some are launched manually with bands or slings, and other spearguns are powered by gas or air (pneumatic).

If you choose to opt to a speargun, you’ll need to consider the visibility of the water and how big the species you will be hunting before selecting the kind of gun to purchase. A low-visibility area will require you to be closer, which makes shorter spearguns more suitable. As long as you’re not fishing for larger fish, there’s no need for thick long shafts or air-driven spearguns. Most of the time, if you may only need a small, multiple band speargun with extra reach, you can get away with roller guns.

Spearguns are available in pretty much every equipment store that sells spearfishing tools. JBL offers good spearguns that are affordable and you should check out their Woody Sawed Off Magnum Spear Gun ($309.95) from this brand if you’re looking for a gun that is low maintenance, easy to use and has a powerful punch. If you’re looking for pole spears you may want to go with the 5-pronged Lionfish Pole Spear ($26.95) or the JBL 6 breakdown travel Pole Spear ($119.95).

Spearfishing Wetsuits and Rash Guards

One of the primary equipment you’ll require prior spearfishing – or diving, for that matter — is the wetsuit. There are various types and types of wetsuits that you can choose from, depending on the conditions of the ocean and the temperature.

When you’re spearfishing, it’s important to think about the suit’s thickness especially when diving in warm conditions. It’s generally recommended to opt to a suit with a thickness of no more than 1.5mm for spearfishing, unless you’re planning to do deeper dives with colder water. If you’re going to not do deep dives or being in the water for prolonged periods of time, then you could be able to get away with wearing a rash guard.